Flag, Coats of Arms and Anthem of the Canary Islands

Canary islands flag

The Canary Islands have had their own flag since the 10th of August 1982, established by the 10/1982 law.

What's the meaning of the Canary Islands flag?

The reference in the law referring to the Canary Islands flag is the following:

“The flag is formed by three identical stripes, with vertical orientation, with the colors: white, blue and yellow.”

This is the civil flag of the Canary Islands.

The state flag also includes the Coats of Arms of the Canary Islands.

The flag with the inclusion of the official shield in the center is considered an institutional or gala flag.

There is an actualized version from 2005 of the Manual of Graphical Corporate Identity where a colour construction sheet is given for the flag. Also, the manual states that the length of the coat of arms is 75% of the length of a vertical stripe.

The specification for each color in the flag and coats of arms is given according to Pantone:

Blue 3005
Yellow 7406
Green 7544
Red 485
Brown 722

The previous version of the flag, before the 2005 change, included a darker shade of blue, which can still be seen in many places in the Canaries.

The coats of arms of the Canary Islands

The coats of arms have the word “Oceano” written on top, above the representation of the Spanish Royal crown. Is represented on an azure field, with the seven islands in silver, with two dogs, one on each side, as supporters.

The presence of the two dogs in the coats of arms may derive from the translation of Insula Canaria, which in Latin means Island of the Dogs. There has been some controversy in the past years regarding the collars on the dog’s necks, as this is a symbol of submission that should be removed. However, one of the political parties has not supported the idea to remove this symbol from the coats of arms, or the dogs in general, so the proposal to remove them has not passed.

What is the meaning behind the colours of the Canary Islands flag?

Although it is not officially stated as an explanation, the three colors are said to derive from the maritime flags of Tenerife and Gran Canaria.

The maritime flag of Tenerife is white and blue.

The maritime flag of Gran Canaria is blue and yellow.

The two islands still continue to use each their corresponding maritime flag to this day.

The placement of the colors is said to be derived from the actual physical location of the islands: white on the left, corresponding to Tenerife’s location in the west, yellow on the right side, corresponding to Gran Canaria’s position in the east and blue in the middle, as the common color for both of them.

History of the tricolor flag of the Canary Islands

The first flag was created in 1961 by the movement called Canarias Libre (The Free Canaries or the The Free Canary Islands), who came up with a flat uniting the colors of Tenerife and Gran Canaria. Back then the middle blue stripe was considerably larger compared to the white and yellow one.

The design is attributed to Maria del Carmen Sarmiento, Jesus Cantero and Arturo Cantero. It was first used in Gran Canaria during the festivity of Virgen del Pino and it was rapidly accepted by the local people.

The flag design used today is an adaptation of the first flag, modified to make the three stripes identical in size.

Besides the flag of the Canary Islands, as an autonomous province of Spain, each island in the archipelago has its own flag, each one with a long and complex history behind it.

Fun fact:

Although the Canary Islands are not an independent state, but an autonomous community of Spain, their flag can be found in the emoticon list of the popular app Whatsapp, among other national flags. This detail has sparked quite an enthusiasm among Canarians, who were glad to see their flag on the list.

Official anthem of the Canary Islands

The Anthem of the Canary Islands was officially approved by Law 20/2003 since April 28, 2003 regarding the Anthem of the Canary Islands.

The Parliament of the Canary Islands proposed the Arrorró, from the Cantos Canarios, by the composer Teobaldo Power y Lugo-Viña. The proposal was unanimously considered the most suitable to serve as the basis of the anthem, as it is a work rooted in popular sentiment.

The adaptation of the musical score was carried out by teachers Armando Alfonso López, Enrique Guimerá Corbella, José Miguel Mederos Rivero, Víctor Pablo Pérez Pérez, Daniel Roca Arencibia and Xavier Zoghbi Manrique de Lara.

The harmonization of the adaptation for different musical groups was carried out by the composer Juan José Falcón Sanabria.

The composition of the lyrics was carried out by timple soloist and folklorist, Benito Cabrera.

The lyrics of the anthem are the following:

I am the shadow of an almond tree, I am a volcano, saltpeter and lava. Distributed among seven rocks, the pulse of my soul beats. I am the history and the future, the heart that illuminates the dawn of islands that dawn sailing with hope. Fighters in nobility fight the clean land of freedom... This is the beloved land: my Canary Islands. As one being together they will dream a murmur of peace over the wide sea.

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